What is Governed in Cities?

Research undertaken in Amsterdam, London & Paris

— About WHIG

What is Governed in Cities: Residential Investment Landscapes and the Governance and Regulation of Housing Production.

In brief

WHIG stands for What is Governed in Cities? Our research is about residential investment landscapes and the governance and regulation of housing production in Amsterdam, London, and Paris.

I’m the Principle Investigator – Amsterdam for this project next to Prof. Dr. Mike Raco (Bartlett School of Planning, UCL) who is the main applicant, and Prof. Dr. Patrick LeGales (SciencesPo). In this project, we study the complex governance dynamics evident in Amsterdam, London, and Paris, especially in relation to the challenges of residential property production in these cities. There have been massive accessibility problems in relation to urban housing, fuelled by both the growing demands for ‘affordable’ housing, and the expansion of other forms of housing through diverse property investment channels. We aim to examine the types of investment that are shaping residential production and the public policy instruments that are in place to regulate them and their impacts on the governance of cities. Within the framework of changing state-market-community relations, this project provides a better understanding of the complex relationships between market functionalities, urban politics, planning and governance arrangements in a context of escalating political tensions between different socio-economic groups.

Research Partners




University of Amsterdam


University College London

Funding Partners


Open Research Area (ORA)


L’Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR, France)


Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC, UK)


NWO Social Sciences and Humanities (NWO-SGW, formerly NWO Social Sciences, NWO-MaGW).